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The Fraser Government faced difficult economic times: the aftermath of the world oil shock; record-breaking droughts; unsettled world markets and the legacy of the profligate Labor Government under Prime Minister Gough Whitlam.

Initiatives of the period:

  • introduction of far-reaching new Federalism programmes
  • large scale new development projects (roads, dams, etc)
  • focus on conservation, the environment and development of national parks
  • new developments in the social security area, led by the new family allowance scheme
  • involvement on the world’s stage such as the instigation of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Regional Meeting, CHOGRM, facilitating the emergence of Zimbabwe and playing a leading role in the resettlement of Vietnamese refugees
  • major new developments in the wages and industrial relations areas
  • focus on assistance with employment schemes and encouraging employment growth
  • new mineral resources found and developed
  • assistance given to sportsmen to help them compete more effectively at world level
  • primary producers helped through the most severe drought ever
  • succession of programmes introduced to assist businesses both large and small
  • introduction of family allowance providing direct help for mothers and families
  • family income supplement introduced
  • lone fathers’ benefit introduced
  • means test on pensions replaced by simpler income test
  • automatic indexation of pensions
  • new pensioner housing scheme introduced
  • abolition of estate and gift duties
  • establishment of Office of Child Care
  • progressive legal reforms with introduction of Ombudsman, National Companies and Securities Commission, Human Rights Commission, Freedom of Information legislation
  • ratification of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
  • prohibition of sand mining on Fraser Island
  • whaling banned in Australian waters
  • declaration of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park
  • five properties placed on the World Heritage List (Great Barrier Reef, Kakadu, Wilandra Lakes, Lord Howe Island and South West Tasmania)
  • Northern Territory given self government and land rights granted there
  • agreement reached with States to restore their powers in territorial seas and to establish joint authorities for mining, fishing, etc in off-shore areas and beyond
  • States and local government given permanent and guaranteed shares of personal income tax collections
  • National Women’s Advisory Council established
  • establishment of Institute of Multicultural Affairs
  • establishment of Special Broadcasting System (SBS) with special television and radio programmes
  • nuclear safeguards agreement negotiated with ten nations
  • introduction of child migrant education programme
  • introduction of import parity oil pricing as a means of conserving existing supplies and encourage exploration
  • Office of Youth Affairs and Institute of Family Studies set up to address family issues
  • National Youth Advisory Group established
  • began SYETP (Youth Training), school to work transition programme, programme for unemployed youth, youth employment task force, relocation assistance scheme and the Job Bank computer system as a means of helping young people
  • established commercial FM radio
  • established Australian Institute of Sport
  • established Sport Development Programme, National Athlete Award Scheme, National Committee on Sport and Recreation for the Disabled
  • established a number of bodies (eg National Aboriginal Conference) to further the cause of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders
  • introduced income equalisation deposits as a self-help aid to primary producers to assist them in times of drought, etc
  • more referendum questions carried under the Fraser Government (3) than under any other government

The Howard Government inherited an economy suffering from high government debt, a Budget in deficit, high unemployment, and one where inflation and interest rates had risen to unacceptable levels.

Initiatives of the period:

Responsible Economic Management

  • Over 800,000 new jobs created since March 1996;

  • Unemployment has fallen to a ten year low of 6.3 per cent;

  • Home loan interest rates down from 17 per cent in the late 1980s to around 8 per cent today;

  • By June next year $50 billion out of a $96 billion Government debt will have been repaid – the debt interest bill has been reduced by $3 billion;

  • The new tax system delivered the largest income tax cut in Australia’s history so that 4 in every 5 taxpayers pay a top tax rate of 30 cents in the dollar or less; and

  • An extra $2.4 billion in family benefits and child care assistance.

Work for the Dole

  • 2,000 Work for the Dole projects have begun providing places for over 70,000 young Australians.

Cracking Down on Welfare Cheats

  • Tightening welfare and targeting welfare cheats is saving decent taxpayers over $2 million a day.

Tough on Drugs

  • The $500 million Tough on Drugs Programme is the largest single initiative ever undertaken in this country to tackle the drug problem.

Fairer Workplaces

  • The Government has seen the lowest level of strikes since 1913; and

  • Compulsory unionism outlawed.

Education and Training

  • The National Literacy Plan to improve basic skills for children to read, write, add and subtract; and

  • New apprenticeships at an all time high with 268,000 young Australians in training.

Better Health Care

  • Parents rewarded for taking personal responsibility for their family’s health care with the 30 per cent private health insurance rebate; and

  • To cut waiting lists and to improve public hospitals State health funding has been increased by 25 per cent in 5 years.

Country Australia

  • Up to 500 rural transaction centres to restore country services including banking;

  • Rural health package to open regional health centres and encourage doctors back to regional areas;

  • Diesel costs down 24 cents a litre for heavy road transport in regional Australia; and

  • Black spots programme to improve country roads.

Older Australians

  • Pensions up 4 per cent and guaranteed to stay above the cost of living;

  • Gold Card extended to Australian World War II veterans 70 years or over with qualifying service; and

  • Provisional tax abolished and capital gains tax relief provided.

The Liberal Party of Australia New South Wales Division was created to provide members with the greatest possible influence and interaction over both the policy and activities of the Party.

New South Wales Presidents

1949-50 Bill Spooner
1950-56 L Moore
1956-61 Robert Cotton
1961-62 Ralph Honner
1962-67 John Pagan
1967-69 Fred Osborne
1969-75 John Atwill
1975-76 Philip Sydney-Jones
1977-78 Kenneth Anderson
1978-82 David Patten
1982-85 John Valder
1985-87 Bronwyn Bishop
1987-88 Ron James
1988-92 Peter King
1992-93 Bevan Bradbury
1993-96 Bill Heffernan
1996-99 Michael Osborne
2000-05 Chris McDiven
2005- Geoff Selig

Young Liberal Presidents

1962-64 John Howard
1964-65 Jeffrey Kerby
1965-66 Graham Jones
1966-67 Philip Morgan
1968-71 Warren McCullagh
1971-72 Philip Ruddock
1972-74 Peter Fitzgibbon
1974-76 Chris Puplick
1976-78 Neil Hansford
1978-79 Jim Carey
1979-80 Robert Nestdale
1980-82 David Minty
1982-84 Christopher Crawford
1984-85 Michael Photios
1985-86 Andrew Kirk
1986-87 Catherine Cusack
1988-90 Marise Payne
1990-91 Donald Harwin
1991-92 Joseph Hockey
1992-93 Trent Zimmerman
1993-94 John Brogden
1994-95 Shane Mallard
1995-96 Jason Falinski
1996-97 Andrew Maiden
1997-98 Gladys Berejiklian
1998-99 Jason Collins
1999-00 Tony Chappel
2000-01 Andrew Constance
2001-02 Ben Franklin
2002-05 Alexander Hawke
2005      Natasha Maclaren
2005- Noel McCoy

Leaders of the New South Wales Liberal Party

1945      Reginald Weaver
1945-46 Alexander Mair
1946-54 Vernon Treatt
1954-55 Murray Robson
1955-59 Pat Morton
1959-75 Robert Askin
1975-76 Tom Lewis
1976-77 Eric Willis
1977-78 Peter Coleman
1978-81 John Mason
1981      Bruce McDonald
1981-83 John Dowd
1983-92 Nick Greiner
1992-95 John Fahey
1995-98 Peter Collins
1998-02 Kerry Chikarovski
2002-05 John Brogden
2005- Peter Debnam

Leaders of the Federal Parliamentary Liberal Party

1944-66 Robert Menzies
1966-67 Harold Holt
1967-71 John Gorton
1971-72 William McMahon
1972-74 Billy Snedden
1975-83 Malcolm Fraser
1983-85 Andrew Peacock
1985-89 John Howard
1989-90 Andrew Peacock
1990-94 Dr. John Hewson
1994-95 Alexander Downer
1995-     John Howard

Women’s Council

1947      Mrs Shortland
              Eileen Furley
1963-67 Phil Jackson
              Thelma Bates
1971-74 Pam Mitchell
1974-79 Maureen Giddings
1979-83 Betty Combe
1983-88 Betty Grant
1988-91 Marie Wood
1991-96 Chris McDiven
1996-00 Judy Hopwood
2000-03 Robyn Parker
2003-05 Mary O'Dea
2005- Helen Wayland

New South Wales State Directors

1947-71 John Carrick
1971-77 Jim Carlton
1978-81 Greg Bartels
1982-85 Stephen Litchfield
1986-88 Graeme Starr
1989-90 Peter Kidman
1990-92 Robert Maher
1992-95 Barry O’Farrell
1996-97 Tony Nutt
1997      John Burston
1997-00 Remo Nogaratto
2000-05 Scott Morrison
2005-     Graham Jaeschke

 

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